Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 4, Number 4—December 1998

Murine Typhus in Travelers Returning from Indonesia

Philippe Parola*, Dirk Vogelaers†, Chantal Roure‡, François Janbon§, and Didier Raoult*
Author affiliations: *Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France; †Universitair Ziekenhuis, Gent, Belgium; ‡Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyon, France; and §Hôpital Guy de Chauliac, Montpellier, France

Main Article


Areas in which murine typhus poses a risk according to seroepidemiologic studies, case series, or imported cases in travelers (1,2,6-13).

Figure. Areas in which murine typhus poses a risk according to seroepidemiologic studies, case series, or imported cases in travelers (1,2,6-13).

Main Article

  1. Raoult  D, Roux  V. Rickettsioses as paradigms of new or emerging infectious diseases. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1997;10:694719.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Azad  AF, Radulovic  S, Higgins  JA, Noden  BH, Troyer  JM. Flea-borne rickettsioses: ecologic considerations. Emerg Infect Dis. 1997;3:31927. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Azad  AF, Sacci  JB, Nelson  WM, Dasch  GA, Schmidtmann  ET, Carl  M. Genetic characterization and transovarial transmission of a typhus-like rickettsia found in cat fleas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992;89:436. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lascola  B, Raoult  D. Laboratory diagnosis of rickettsioses: current approaches to diagnosis of old and new rickettsial diseases. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35:271527.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dumler  JS, Taylor  JP, Walker  DH. Clinical and laboratory features of murine typhus in South Texas, 1980 through 1987. JAMA. 1991;266:136570. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Walker  DH. Advances in understanding of typhus group rickettsial infections. In: Kazar J, Toman R, editors. Rickettsiae and rickettsial diseases. Bratislava, Slovak Republic: VEDA Press; 1996. p. 16-25.
  7. Tissot-Dupont  H, Brouqui  P, Faugere  B, Raoult  D. Prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia conorii, and Rickettsia typhi in seven African countries. Clin Infect Dis. 1995;21:112633.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Richards  AL, Soeatmadji  DW, Widodo  MA, Sardjono  TW, Yanuwiadi  B, Hernowati  TE, Seroepidemiologic evidence of murine typhus and scrub typhus in Malang, Indonesia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1997;57:915.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Traub  R, Wisseman  CL Jr, Azad  AF. The ecology of murine typhus: a critical review. Trop Dis Bull. 1978;75:237317.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Perrine  PL, Chandler  BP, Krause  DK, McCardle  P, Awoke  S, Habte-Gabr  E, A clinico-epidemiological study of epidemic typhus in Africa. Clin Infect Dis. 1992;14:114958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. McDonald  JC, MacLean  JD, McDade  JE. Imported rickettsial disease: clinical and epidemiologic features. Am J Med. 1988;85:799805. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Raeber  PA, Winteler  S, Paget  J. Fever in the returned traveller: remember rickettsial diseases. Lancet. 1994;334:331. DOIGoogle Scholar
  13. Edlinger  E, Navarro  P. Rickettsioses. A disease of tourism. Sem Hop Paris. 1983;59:20534.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Raoult  D, Roux  V, Ndihokubwayo  JB, Bise  G, Baudon  D, Marte  G, Jail fever (epidemic typhus) outbreak in Burundi. Emerg Infect Dis. 1997;3:35760. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar

Main Article

Page created: December 16, 2010
Page updated: December 16, 2010
Page reviewed: December 16, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.