Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004
ICWID Session Summaries

Disparities in Infectious Diseases among Women in Developing Countries1

Jamila Rashid*Comments to Author , Olufemi O. Taiwo†, Indu Ahluwalia*, and Stella Chungong‡
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Somolu, and Bariga Local Government, Lagos, Nigeria; ‡World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Suggested citation for this article

Infectious diseases are leading causes of death in developing countries. According to 1998 data from the World Health Organization, 1.2% of total deaths from infectious and parasitic diseases occurred in industrialized countries, compared to 43% in developing countries. Women in developing countries disproportionately suffer from a host of infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, upper respiratory tract infectious, skin infections, visceral leishmaniasis, malaria, sexually transmitted infections, and HIV/AIDS.

Poverty, poor education, low health knowledge, poor infrastructure, geographic factors, life style, and environmental factors (i.e., limited access to resources such as clean water) have been identified as primary factors contributing to the high incidence of infectious diseases among women in developing countries. Also, such women tend to have limited or no access to health care, be vitamin deficient, and have lower status in their communities.

Often, infectious diseases may run a substantially longer course for women in developing countries because of stigma, family needs, and shame. Another important barrier to combating infectious diseases among women in developing countries is the lack of use and the misuse of prescription medication. A substantial percentage of women rely on traditional treatment methods. When women do seek healthcare services and are prescribed medication, women frequently do not adhere to the dosage and quantities prescribed.


Suggested citation for this article: Rashid J, Taiwo OO, Ahluwalia I, Chungong S. Disparities in infectious diseases among women in developing countries. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2004 No [date cited].

DOI: 10.3201/eid1011.040624_12

1The following comments were made in presentations by the above authors at the International Conference on Women and Infectious Disease.

Table of Contents – Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004

EID Search Options
presentation_01 Advanced Article Search – Search articles by author and/or keyword.
presentation_01 Articles by Country Search – Search articles by the topic country.
presentation_01 Article Type Search – Search articles by article type and issue.



Please use the form below to submit correspondence to the authors or contact them at the following address:

Jamila Rashid, Office of Minority Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop E67, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA; fax: 404-498-2360

Send To

10000 character(s) remaining.


Page created: April 17, 2012
Page updated: April 17, 2012
Page reviewed: April 17, 2012
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.