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Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008

Deforestation and Vectorial Capacity of Anopheles gambiae Giles Mosquitoes in Malaria Transmission, Kenya

Yaw A. Afrane, Tom J. Little, Bernard W. Lawson, Andrew K. Githeko, and Eugenia LoComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya (Y.A. Afrane, A.K. Githeko); University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (T.J. Little); Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (Y.A. Afrane, B.W. Lawson); University of California, Irvine, California, USA (G. Yan);

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Table 2

Estimated vectorial capacity of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in forested and deforested areas, western Kenyan highland and lowland*

Site Land use type m a N P Vectorial capacity
Highland Forested 3.05 0.198 13.9 0.927 0.54
Highland Deforested 4.64 0.233 12.8 0.917 0.96
Lowland Deforested 7.85 0.465 11.7 0.923 8.30

*m, relative density of vectors in relation to humans; a, average no. children bitten by 1 mosquito in 1 day; n, duration of sporogony in days; P, proportion of vectors surviving per day. See text for details on data source and assumptions made for calculating each variable.

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Page created: July 13, 2010
Page updated: July 13, 2010
Page reviewed: July 13, 2010
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