Volume 16, Number 8—August 2010
Household Effects of School Closure during Pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Pennsylvania, USA
|Oldest student with ILI||1.22|
|Any student with ILI||1.20|
|Any child with ILI||1.16|
|Any adult with ILI||1.67|
|All adults work||2.35¶||2.08|
|Household income above median income||2.62¶||2.31¶|
*OR, odds ratio; ILI, influenza-like illness.
†When a household had >1 child attending the school that was closed, we asked about time taken from work to watch the oldest child.
‡Adjusted OR estimated by logistic regression.
1Members of the Pennsylvania H1N1 Working Group are listed at the end of this article.
1Members of the Pennsylvania H1N1 Working Group: from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, W. Roodly Archer, Frederick J. Angulo, John Beltrami, Achuyt Bhattarai, Paul J. Edelson, Ryan P. Fagan, Anthony Fiore, Thomas L. Gift, George S. Han, Charlotte K. Kent, Rebecca Leap, Amanda M. McWhorter, Martin I. Meltzer, Michael D. Nguyen, Benjamin L. Nygren, Rakhee S. Palekar; and from the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Phyllis Britz, Brent Ennis, James Lute, Tiffany Marchbanks, Maria Moll, Steven Ostroff, Owen Simwale.