Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 19, Number 9—September 2013

Livestock Density as Risk Factor for Livestock-associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, the Netherlands

Peter R. Davies, Bruce H. Alexander, Jeffrey B. Bender, John Deen, Catherine E. Dewey, Julie A. Funk, Claudia A. Munoz-Zanzi, M. Gerard O’Sullivan, Randall S. Singer, Srinand Sreevatsan, Katharina D. Stärk, and Mark A. Stevenson
Author affiliations: University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (P.R. Davies, J.B. Bender, J. Deen, M.G. O’Sullivan, R.S Singer, S. Sreevatsan); University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (B.H. Alexander, C. A. Munoz-Zanzi); Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario, Canada (C.E. Dewey); Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan, USA (J.A. Funk); Royal Veterinary College, London, United Kingdom (K.D. Stärk); Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand (M.A. Stevenson)

Main Article

Location No. pigs Area, km2 Pig density, pigs/km2 Relative pig density*
The Netherlands 12,100,000† 41,518 291.4 1
United States 67,500,000† 8,108,782‡ 8.3 35.0
Iowa 19,700,000 145,744 135.2 2.2
North Carolina 8,600,000 139,393 61.7 4.7
Minnesota 7,600,000 225,174 33.8 8.6

*Pig density in the Netherlands divided by pig density in other locations.
†US data were obtained from a quarterly US Department of Agriculture report (
‡Alaska was excluded because of minimal swine industry.

Main Article

Page created: August 22, 2013
Page updated: August 22, 2013
Page reviewed: August 22, 2013
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.