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Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016

Nipah Virus Transmission from Bats to Humans Associated with Drinking Traditional Liquor Made from Date Palm Sap, Bangladesh, 2011–2014

M. Saiful IslamComments to Author , Hossain M.S. Sazzad, Syed Moinuddin Satter, Sharmin Sultana, M. Jahangir Hossain, Murshid Hasan, Mahmudur Rahman, Shelley Campbell, Deborah L. Cannon, Ute Ströher, Peter Daszak, Stephen P. Luby, and Emily S. Gurley
Author affiliations: Icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh (M.S. Islam, H.M.S. Sazzad, S.M. Satter, M.J. Hossain, M. Hasan, S.P. Luby, E.S. Gurley); Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research, Dhaka (S. Sultana, M. Rahman); Medical Research Council, London, United Kingdom (M.J. Hossain); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S. Campbell, D.L. Cannon, U Ströher); EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, USA (P. Daszak); Stanford University Center for Innovation in Global Health, Stanford, California, USA (S.P. Luby)

Main Article


Case definitions for Nipah virus (NiV) infections that occurred in 3 clusters, Rangpur and Rajshahi Districts, Bangladesh, 2011, 2012, and 2014

Type of case
Case definition
Fever or history of fever with axillary temperature >38.5°C, altered mental status, new onset of seizures, or a new neurologic deficit in a patient from an adult or pediatric ward of an NiV surveillance hospital during the NiV season (3).
Illness meeting the case definition for suspected NiV infection in a person who lived in the same village as a person with laboratory-confirmed NiV infection but who died before specimens could be collected for diagnosis (19).
Acute onset of fever and subsequent altered mental status or other neurologic deficits during the outbreak period and having NiV IgM or IgG antibodies in serum (19).
A case in which illness occurred in the absence of contact with a symptomatic case-patient.
Secondary Illness in a person whose only known exposure was to a case-patient and whose illness occurred within 5–15 d after that contact (20).

Main Article

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Main Article

Page created: March 16, 2016
Page updated: March 16, 2016
Page reviewed: March 16, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.