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Volume 7, Number 1—February 2001

Hospital Control and Multidrug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Female Patients, Lima, Peru

Field F. Willingham*†‡, Tracy L. Schmitz‡§, Macbeth Contreras‡, Sheela E. Kalangi‡¶, Aldo M. Vivar‡, Luz Caviedes#, Eduardo Schiantarelli**, Paola Maurtua Neumann†‡, Caryn Bern‡‡, Robert H. Gilman†‡#Comments to Author , and the Working Group on TB in Peru
Author affiliations: *University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; †Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; ‡Proyectos en Informática, Salud, Medicina, y Agricultura (PRISMA), Lima, Peru; §Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; ¶University of Arizona School of Public Health, Phoenix, Arizona, USA; #Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; **Arzobispo Loayza Hospital, Lima, Peru; ‡‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Female patients admitted to a general medicine ward of a hospital, Lima, Peru

Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture results
Positive Negativea
Characteristic N=40, n (%) N=209, n (%)
Median age (range) 43 (18-96) 46 (14-92)
Cough 35 (88)b 125 (60)b
Cough for > 2 weeks 25 (63)b 64 (31)b
Weight loss 33 (83)b 122 (58)b
Hemoptysis 12 (30)c 29 (14)c
Anorexia 22 (55)c 149 (71)c
Fever 24 (60) 108 (51)
Dyspnea 22 (55) 107 (51)
TST positived 11 (55)c 10 (21)c
BCG scar 28 (70) 150 (71)
History of BCG vaccination 29 (73) 152 (72)
Family history of TB 12 (30)c 32 (15) c
Prior history of TB 9 (23) 34 (16)
Socioeconomic indicators
Electricity in home 36 (90) 196 (93)
Piped water 32 (80) 180 (86)
Able to read and write 31 (78) 159 (76)

aOne patient who was smear positive but culture negative was excluded from the analysis.
bP value < 0.01 by Mantel-Haenzsel chi square test.
cP value < 0.05 by Mantel-Haenzsel chi square test.
dA total of 67 patients, 20 M. tuberculosis culture-positive and 47 M. tuberculosis culture-negative, had tuberculin skin tests (TST).

Main Article

1Other members of the Working Group on TB in Peru include Oswaldo Bisbal, Anna Bowen, Rosa Cama, William Checkley, Scott Franzblau, Luis Miguel Frachie, Patricia Fuentes, Hugo Garcia, Guillermo Lescano, Cheryl Liechty, Sonia Montenegro, Guillermo Salazar, Patricia Sheen, Eduardo Ticona, Teresa Valencia, and Richard Witzig.

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Page updated: April 17, 2012
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