Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 8, Number 7—July 2002

Hot-Tub–Associated Mycobacterial Infections in Immunosuppressed Persons

On This Page
Article Metrics
citations of this article
EID Journal Metrics on Scopus

Cite This Article

To the Editor: I read with interest the report by Mangione et al. regarding Mycobacterium avium infection in a Colorado family who used an inadequately sanitized hot tub (1). The authors noted that the source of the M. avium complex was not clear, although the reservoir did appear to have been the hot tub.

Twenty years ago, I helped treat a patient with a local infection caused by M. fortuitum in his amputation stump (2). The patient had sat in his tub postoperatively three to four times per week. Although he had added disinfectants as recommended by the manufacturer, he had not cleaned the tub mechanically at any time during the incubation period of his infection. We recovered what appeared to be the same strain of M. fortuitum from the abscess on his amputation stump and specimens from the hot tub water and filter. However, we could not recover any Mycobacteria from his or his neighbor's tap water.

Three years after our experience with this patient, M. chelonei was found to cause colonization of sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis after they had been treated in a hydrotherapy pool (3).

These experiences indicate the absolute need for careful cleaning of hot tubs. Not only are immunosuppressed patients at risk for atypical mycobacterial infections but even otherwise healthy persons may be susceptible.


Donald R. Graham
Author affiliation: Springfield Clinic, Springfield, Illinois, USA



  1. Mangione  EJ, Huitt  G, Lenaway  D, Beebe  J, Bailey  A, Figoski  M, Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease following hot tub exposure. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7:103942.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Aubuchon  C, Hill  JJ Jr, Graham  DR. Atypical mycobacterial infection in soft tissue associated with the use of a hot tub. J Bone Joint Surg. 1986;68-A:7668.
  3. Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Mycobacterium chelonei associated with a hydrotherapy pool. Commun Dis Rep 1985, October 11:3–4.


Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid0807.020143

Related Links


Table of Contents – Volume 8, Number 7—July 2002

Page created: July 16, 2010
Page updated: July 16, 2010
Page reviewed: July 16, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.