Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 16, Number 1—January 2010

Severe Pneumonia Associated with Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Outbreak, San Luis Potosí, Mexico

Alejandro Gómez-GómezComments to Author , Martin Magaña-Aquino, Christian A. García-Sepúlveda, Uciel R. Ochoa-Pérez, Reynaldo Falcón-Escobedo, Andreu Comas-García, Saray Aranda-Romo, Hugo I. Contreras-Treviño, Paulina V. Jiménez-Rico, Mario A. Banda-Barbosa, Félix Dominguez-Paulin, J. Mario Bernal-Blanco, Luis F. Pérez-González, and Daniel E. Noyola
Author affiliations: Hospital Central “Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto,” San Luis Potosí, Mexico (A. Gómez-Gómez, M. Magaña-Aquino, R. Falcón-Escobedo, J.M. Bernal-Blanco, L.F. Pérez-González); Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí (A. Gómez-Gómez, M. Magaña-Aquino, C.A. García-Sepúlveda, U.R. Ochoa-Pérez, R. Falcón-Escobedo, A. Comas-García, S. Aranda-Romo, H.I. Contreras-Treviño, P.V. Jiménez-Rico, M.A. Banda-Barbosa, F. Dominguez-Paulin, J.M. Bernal-Blanco, L.F. Pérez-González, D.E. Noyola); Servicios de Salud del Estado de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí (U.R. Ochoa-Pérez)

Main Article

Table 1

Oligonucleotide primers used for the subtyping of type A influenza viruses, Mexico

Oligonucleotide Sequence (5′ → 3′) Amplicon, bp Reference
UniFlu-RT AGC-AAA-AGC-AGG Full genomic (10)
NA1Nw-F ACT-CAR-GAG-TCT-GAA-TGT-G 409 This study

Main Article

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infections—worldwide, May 6, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:4538.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. World Health Organization. Influenza-like illness in the United States and Mexico. 2009 Apr 24 [cited 2009 May 19]. Available from
  3. Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Geografía e Informática. Síntesis Geográfica del Estado de San Luis Potosí. México, DF: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática; 1985. p. 10.
  4. Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Geografía e Informática. II Conteo de población y vivienda 2005. México, D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, 2006 [cited 2009 May 8]. Available from
  5. Papazian  L, Thomas  P, Garbe  L, Guignon  I, Thirion  X, Charrel  J, Bronchoscopic or blind sampling techniques for the diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995;152:198291.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fagon  JY, Chastre  J, Wolff  M, Gervais  C, Parer-Aubas  S, Stéphan  F, Invasive and noninvasive strategies for management of suspected ventilator-association pneumonia: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:62130.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Secretaría de Salud. Manual para la vigilancia epidemiológica de influenza. 2nd ed. Dirección General de Epidemiología, Secretaría de Salud. México, D.F. 2007 [cited 2009 May 8]. Available from
  8. World Health Organization. WHO laboratory biosafety guidelines for handling specimens suspected of containing avian influenza A virus. 2005 [cited 2009 May 8]. Available from
  9. Claas  EC, van Milaan  AJ, Sprenger  MJ, Ruiten-Stuiver  M, Arron  GI, Rothbarth  PH, Prospective application of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for diagnosing influenza infections in respiratory samples from a children’s hospital. J Clin Microbiol. 1993;31:221821.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hoffmann  E, Stech  J, Guan  Y, Webster  RG, Perez  DR. Universal primer set for the full-length amplification of all influenza A viruses. Arch Virol. 2001;146:227589. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Poddar  SK. Influenza virus types and subtypes detection by single step single tube multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and agarose gel electrophoresis. J Virol Methods. 2002;99:6370. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Brower  RG, Matthay  MA, Morris  A, Thompson  BT, Wheeler  A. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS network). N Engl J Med. 2000;342:13018. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Rothberg  MB, Haessler  SD, Brown  RB. Complications of viral influenza. Am J Med. 2008;121:25864. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Louria  DB, Blummenfeld  HL, Ellis  JT, Kilbourne  ED, Rogers  DE. Studies on influenza in the pandemic of 1957–1958. II Pulmonary complications of influenza. J Clin Invest. 1959;38:21365. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Murata  Y, Walsh  EE, Falsey  AR. Pulmonary complications of interpandemic influenza A in hospitalized adults. J Infect Dis. 2007;195:102937. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Treanor  J. Influenza virus. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and practice of infectious diseases, 6th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2005. p. 2060–85.
  17. Oliveira  EC, Marik  PE, Colice  G. Influenza pneumonia: a descriptive study. Chest. 2001;119:171723. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Yoshino  M, Suzuki  S, Adachi  K, Fukayama  M, Inamatsu  T. High incidence of acute myositis with type A influenza virus infection in the elderly. Intern Med. 2000;39:4312. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Agyeman  P, Duppenthaler  A, Heininger  U, Aebi  C. Influenza-associated myositis in children. Infection. 2004;32:199203. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Foulkes  W, Rees  J, Sewry  C. Influenza A and rhabdomyolysis. J Infect Dis. 1990;21:3034.
  21. Morton  SE, Mathai  M, Byrd  RP, Fields  CL, Roy  TM. Influenza A pneumonia with rhabdomyolysis. South Med J. 2001;94:679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2006. Resultados por entidad federativa, San Luis Potosí. Cuernavaca (México): Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública; 2007. p. 84.
  23. Vachharajani  V, Vital  S. Obesity and sepsis. J Intensive Care Med. 2006;21:28795. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Cave  MC, Hurt  RT, Frazier  TH, Matheson  PJ, Garrison  RN, McClain  CJ, Obesity, inflammation, and the potential application of pharmaconutrition. Nutr Clin Pract. 2008;23:1634. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Intensive-care patients with severe novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection—Michigan, June 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:74952.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Lee  N, Chan  PK, Choi  KW, Lui  G, Wong  B, Cockram  CS, Factors associated with early hospital discharge of adult influenza patients. Antivir Ther. 2007;12:5018.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Blumentals  WA, Schulman  KL. Impact of oseltamivir on the incidence of secondary complications of influenza in adolescent and adult patients: results from a restrospective population-based study. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23:296170. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar

Main Article

Page created: March 31, 2011
Page updated: March 31, 2011
Page reviewed: March 31, 2011
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.