Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012

Origin of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in Rural Côte d’Ivoire

Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Edgard V. Adjogoua, Chantal Akoua-Koffi, Claudia Hedemann, Grit Schubert, Heinz Ellerbrok, Siv Aina Jensen Leendertz, Georg Pauli, and Fabian H. LeendertzComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany (S. Calvignac-Spencer, C. Hedemann, G. Schubert, H, Ellerbrok, S.A. Jensen Leendertz, G. Pauli, F. H. Leendertz); Institut Pasteur, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (E.V. Adjogoua, C. Akoua-Koffi)

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of persons positive for HTLV-1 or STLV-1 in a study of the origin of HTLV-1, rural western Africa, 2006–2007*

Study participant†, sex Infecting
subtype Minimum observed distance to any STLV-1, %
Type of contact and nonhuman primate contacted
LTR env Hunting Dismembering Preparation or cooking Eating
Gah050, M STLV-1I/SM 0.6 0.4 None Monkeys, chimp Monkeys, chimp Monkeys, chimp
Gul014, F HTLV-1A 3.2 2.9 None None Monkey, chimp Monkeys, chimp
Kei005, F STLV-1I/SM 0.6 0.5 None Monkeys Monkeys Monkeys
Kei025, M STLV-1J 0.3 0.2 None Monkeys None Monkeys
Kei075, F HTLV-1A 3.0 3.0 None None Monkeys Monkeys
Pau002, F HTLV-1A 3.2 2.5 None None Monkeys Monkeys
Pau009, M STLV-1I/SM 0 0.2 Monkeys, chimp Monkeys, chimp None Monkeys, chimp
Pon002, F HTLV-1A 4.2 2.8 None Monkeys Monkeys Monkeys
Tie005, F HTLV-1A 4.0 2.5 None Monkeys Monkeys Monkeys
Tie011, F HTLV-1A 4.5 2.4 None Monkeys Monkeys Monkeys

*Gray shading indicates infections with STLV-1–like HTLV-1 (as determined through phylogenetic analyses). Minimum distances were calculated by using the same datasets as for phylogenetic analyses (see Technical Appendix). HTLV-1, human T-lymphotropic virus type1; STLV-1, simian T-lymphotropic virus type1; LTR, long terminal repeat; chimp, chimpanzee(s).
†First 3 letters refer to the persons’ village of residence.

Main Article

Page created: April 12, 2012
Page updated: April 12, 2012
Page reviewed: April 12, 2012
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.