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Volume 21, Number 7—July 2015

Detection of Circovirus in Foxes with Meningoencephalitis, United Kingdom, 2009–2013

Steve Bexton, Lidewij C. Wiersma, Sarah Getu, Peter R. van Run, Georges M.G.M. Verjans, Debby Schipper, Claudia M.E. Schapendonk, Rogier Bodewes, Lucy Oldroyd, Bart L. Haagmans, Marion M.P. Koopmans, and Saskia L. SmitsComments to Author 
Author affiliations: RSPCA Norfolk Wildlife Hospital, East Winch, United Kingdom (S. Bexton); Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (L.C. Wiersma, S. Getu, P.R. van Run, G.M.G.M. Verjans, D. Schipper, C.M.E. Schapendonk, R. Bodewes, B.L. Haagmans, M.M.P. Koopmans, S.L. Smits); Abbey Veterinary Services, Newton Abbot, United Kingdom (L. Oldroyd); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (M.M.P. Koopmans)

Main Article

Table 2

Univariate statistical analysis of age, sex, disease signs, and circovirus real-time PCR results for foxes in a study of the detection of circovirus in foxes with meningoencephalitis, United Kingdom, 2009–2013*

Parameter PCR results for foxes, no. (%)†
p value by χ2 test OR (95% CI)
Without neurologic signs With neurologic signs
All foxes
15 (46.9)
17 (53.1)

M 9 (60.0) 8 (47.1) 0.502 1.69 (0.41–6.88)
6 (40.0)
9 (52.9)

Age, y
Juvenile 7 (46.7) 0 (0) 0.002 3.13 (1.77–5.53)
8 (53.3)
17 (100)

Circovirus positive
No 8 (53.3) 4 (23.5) 0.144 3.71 (0.82–16.84)
Yes 7 (46.7) 13 (76.5)

*OR, odds ratio.
†Neurologic signs were abnormal behavior, lack of fear, reduced alertness, aimless wandering, circling, facial muscle twitching, progressive weakness of hind legs, and visual abnormalities.

Main Article

Page created: June 15, 2015
Page updated: June 15, 2015
Page reviewed: June 15, 2015
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