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Volume 25, Number 5—May 2019

Infections among Contacts of Patients with Nipah Virus, India

C.P. Girish Kumar, Attayur P. Sugunan, Pragya Yadav, Karishma Krishna Kurup, Renjith Aarathee, Ponnaiah Manickam, Tarun Bhatnagar, Chandni Radhakrishnan, Beena Thomas, Akhilesh Kumar, Jayasree Jayasree, Bina Philomina, K.G. Sajeeth Kumar, N.K. Thulaseedharan, Nivedita Gupta, R. Rajendran, R.L. Saritha, Devendra T. Mourya, Raman R. Gangakhedkar, Manoj V. MurhekarComments to Author , and Jayasree
Author affiliations: ICMR National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India (C.P.G. Kumar, K.K. Kurup, R. Aarathee, P. Manickam, T. Bhatnagar, M.V. Murhekar); ICMR–Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, India (A.P. Sugunan); ICMR–National Institute of Virology, Pune, India (P. Yadav, D.T. Mourya); Directorate of Health Services, Government of Kerala, Kerala (R. Aarathee, A. Kumar, V. Jayasree, R.L. Saritha); Government Medical College, Kozikhode, India (C. Radhakrishnan, B. Thomas, B. Philomina, K.G.S. Kumar, N.K. Thulaseedharan, V.R. Rajendran); Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India (N. Gupta, R.R. Gangakhedkar)

Main Article

Table 1

Distribution of contacts of patients with laboratory-confirmed Nipah virus by selected characteristics, Kerala, India, 2018

Characteristic Healthcare workers, no. (%), n = 155 Household and community contacts, no. (%), n = 124
Age, y
  <15 0 3 (2.4)
  15–45 103 (66.4) 72 (58.1)
52 (33.6)
49 (39.5)
  M 39 (25.2) 91 (73.4)
116 (74.8)
33 (26.6)
Type of exposure
  In patient’s room 123 (79.4) 113 (91.1)
  Contact with patient, no contact with body fluids 123 (79.4) 88 (71.0)
  Exposure to body fluids* 32 (20.6) 36 (29.0)
    Saliva 5 (3.2) 28 (22.6)
    Cough 15 (9.7) 16 (12.9)
    Vomit 6 (3.9) 14 (11.3)
    Blood 10 (6.5) 0

*Contacts reported exposure to >1 type of body fluid.

Main Article

Page created: April 18, 2019
Page updated: April 18, 2019
Page reviewed: April 18, 2019
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.