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Volume 27, Number 2—February 2021

Outbreak of Severe Vomiting in Dogs Associated with a Canine Enteric Coronavirus, United Kingdom

Alan D. RadfordComments to Author , David A. Singleton, Chris Jewell, Charlotte Appleton, Barry Rowlingson, Alison C. Hale, Carmen Tamayo Cuartero, Richard Newton, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Danielle Greenberg, Beth Brant, Eleanor G. Bentley, James P. Stewart, Shirley Smith, Sam Haldenby, P.-J. M. Noble, and Gina L. Pinchbeck
Author affiliations: Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool Leahurst Campus, Neston, UK (A.D. Radford, D.A. Singleton, B. Brant, E.G. Bentley, J.P. Stewart, S. Smith, P.-J.M. Noble, G.L. Pinchbeck); Lancaster University Centre for Health Informatics, Lancaster, UK (C. Jewell, C. Appleton, B. Rowlingson, A.C. Hale); University of Bristol, UK (C.T. Cuartero, F. Sánchez-Vizcaíno); Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, UK (R. Newton); The Liverpool Vets, Liverpool, UK (D. Greenberg); Centre for Genomic Research, University of Liverpool, Liverpool (S. Haldenby)

Main Article

Table 4

Mixed effects multivariable logistic regression model investigating odds of being a veterinarian-reported prolific vomiting case among 165 cases and 60 controls in investigation of dogs with vomiting, United Kingdom, January 2017–February 2020*

Variable β SE OR (95% CI) p value†
F, neutered NA NA Referent NA
F, intact 0.77 0.55 2.15 (0.74–6.26) 0.16
M, neutered 0.81 0.40 2.25 (1.03–4.91) 0.04
M, intact
3.82 (1.20–12.15)
Multidog household, no other dogs vomiting in the same household NA NA Referent NA
Multidog household, other dogs vomiting in the same household 1.15 0.53 3.16 (1.11–8.97) 0.03
Single-dog household
3.23 (1.47–7.11)
No contact with other species vomiting NA NA Referent NA
Confirmed contact with other species vomiting –1.23 0.48 0.29 (0.12–0.74) 0.01
Unknown contact with vomiting other species 0.63 0.42 1.88 (0.83–4.26) 0.13

*β, β-value (coefficient).
†p value <0.05 indicates significant findings.

Main Article

Page created: November 10, 2020
Page updated: January 23, 2021
Page reviewed: January 23, 2021
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