Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016
Etymologia: Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Figure) is a recently discovered fungus that kills amphibians. It is related to B. dendrobatidis, which also kills amphibians (from the Greek dendron, “tree,” and bates, “one who climbs,” referring to a genus of poison dart frogs). Batrachochytrium is derived from the Greek words batrachos, “frog,” and chytra, “earthen pot” (describing the structure that contains unreleased zoospores); salamandrivorans is from the Greek salamandra, “salamander,” and Latin vorans, “eating,” which refers to extensive skin destruction and rapid death in infected salamanders.
- Longcore JE, Pessier AP, Nichols DK. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis gen. et sp. nov., a chytrid pathogenic to amphibians. Mycologia. 1999;91:219–27.
- Martel A, Spitzen-van der Sluijs A, Blooi M, Bert W, Ducatelle R, Fisher MC, Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans sp. nov. causes lethal chytridiomycosis in amphibians. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:15325–9.