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Volume 24, Number 12—December 2018

Terrestrial Bird Migration and West Nile Virus Circulation, United States

Daniele Swetnam, Steven G. Widen, Thomas G. Wood, Martin Reyna, Lauren Wilkerson, Mustapha Debboun, Dreda A. Symonds, Daniel G. Mead, Barry J. Beaty, Hilda Guzman, Robert B. Tesh, and Alan D.T. BarrettComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of California at Davis, Davis, California, USA (D. Swetnam); University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA (D. Swetnam, S.G. Widen, T.G. Wood, H. Guzman, R.B. Tesh, A.D.T. Barrett); Harris County Public Health, Houston, Texas, USA (M. Reyna, L. Wilkerson, M. Debboun); Chesapeake Mosquito Control Commission, Chesapeake, Virginia, USA (D.A. Symonds); University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA (D.G. Mead); Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (B.J. Beaty)

Main Article

Table 4

Source and sink analysis in study of terrestrial bird migration and West Nile virus circulation, United States*

Markov jumps, mean
95% HPD interval
CO ND 1.368 8603 0–3
GA IL 1.31 31284 1–3
IL CO 8.376 3311 1–14
IL GA 8.226 3046 3–13
IL ND 10.43 15423 6–14
IL NY 29.965 1355 20–40
IL SD 6.691 3635 1–11
IL TX 22.872 4545 14–30
IL VA 11.449 1631 6–16
NY CO 4.362 2143 0–8
NY GA 7.039 2170 2–11
NY IL 1.012 3023 0–4
NY SD 2.177 2740 0–5
NY TX 4.564 2149 0–9
NY VA 4.24 1171 0–8
SD CO 1.328 3964 0–5
TX CO 9.775 6039 3–16
TX ND 5.177 7617 2–9
TX NY 1.606 9410 0–4
TX SD 7.557 5113 2–12
VA CO 1.16 9807 0–3
VA GA 3.616 14054 2–6

*Mean number of Markov jjumps detected between each source (origin) and sink (destination) location indicates the minimum number of migration events observed from each source to each sink. Only Markov jumps >2 are shown. A summary of all Markov jumps is shown in Table 5. *ESS, effective sample size; HPD, highest posterior density.

Main Article

Page created: November 20, 2018
Page updated: November 20, 2018
Page reviewed: November 20, 2018
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