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Volume 27, Number 7—July 2021

Effects of Coronavirus Disease Pandemic on Tuberculosis Notifications, Malawi

Rebecca Nzawa Soko1, Rachael M. Burke1Comments to Author , Helena R.A. Feasey, Wakumanya Sibande, Marriott Nliwasa, Marc Y.R. Henrion, McEwen Khundi, Peter J. Dodd, Chu Chang Ku, Gift Kawalazira, Augustine T. Choko, Titus H. Divala, Elizabeth L. Corbett2, and Peter MacPherson2
Author affiliations: Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi (R. Nzawa Soko, R.M. Burke, H.R.A. Feasey, W. Sibande, M. Nliwasa, M.Y.R. Henrion, M. Khundi, A.T. Choko, T.H. Divala, E.L. Corbett, P. MacPherson); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (R. Nzawa Soko, R.M. Burke, H.R.A. Feasey, M. Khundi, T.H. Divala, E.L. Corbett, P. MacPherson); University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre (M. Nliwasa); Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK (M.Y.R. Henrion, P. MacPherson); University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK (P.J. Dodd, C.C. Ku); District Health Office, Blantyre (G. Kawalazira)

Main Article

Table 1

Modeled effects of coronavirus disease pandemic on tuberculosis case notifications, April–December 2020, Blantyre, Malawi*

Observed no. notified TB cases with COVID-19
Median counterfactual model-estimated no. notified TB cases without COVID-19 (95% CI)
% Difference (95% CI)
Model 1
1,408 (1,366–1,451)
333 (291–376)
23.7 (21.4–26.0)
Model 2
M 692 875 (848–901) 183 (156–209) 20.9 (18.5–23.3)
F 383 553 (534–571) 170 (151–188) 30.7 (28.4–33.0)
Primary health centers 488 761 (737–785) 273 (249–297) 35.9 (33.9–37.9)
Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital 587 666 (645–688) 79 (58–101) 11.9 (9.10–14.7)
HIV status
HIV-positive 660 820 (796–845) 160 (136–185) 19.6 (17.2–21.9)
HIV-negative 415 607 (586–627) 192 (171–212) 31.6 (29.3–33.8)

*COVID-19, coronavirus disease; TB, tuberculosis.

Main Article

1These first authors contributed equally to this article.

2These last authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: May 04, 2021
Page updated: June 16, 2021
Page reviewed: June 16, 2021
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