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Volume 27, Number 8—August 2021

Genomic Detection of Schmallenberg Virus, Israel

Adi BeharComments to Author , Omer Izhaki, Asael Rot, Tzvika Benor, Mario Yankilevich, Monica Leszkowicz-Mazuz, and Jacob Brenner
Author affiliations: Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Israel (A. Behar, O. Izhaki, A. Rot, M. Leszkowicz-Mazuz, J. Brenner); Veterinary Field Services, Beit Dagan, Israel (T. Benor, M. Yankilevich)

Main Article

Table 2

Samples that tested positive for Schmallenberg virus by reverse transcription nested PCR, Israel*

Geographic region Sample source Collection date Infected farm type (farm no.)
Golan Heights (latitude 34.1)
Culicoides oxystoma midge
2018 Sep
Beef cattle (1)
Galilee (latitude 32.7–33.5)
Malformed calf
2019 Nov
Beef cattle (2)†
Sharon plain (latitude 32.2) C. imicola midge‡ 2018 Jun Beef cattle (3)§
C. puncticollis midge 2018 Jun Beef cattle (3)§
C. newsteadii midge 2018 Jun Beef cattle (3)§

C. imicola midge
2018 Jul
Dairy cattle (4)
Interior plain (latitude 31.89) C. imicola midge‡ 2018 Nov Small ruminant farm (5)†§
C. imicola midge 2018 Nov Small ruminant farm (5)†§

C. imicola midge‡
2019 Dec
Small ruminant farm (6)§
Coastal plain (latitude 31.89)
C. oxystoma midge
2018 Jun
Dairy cattle (7)
Negev desert (latitude 29.7–30.714) C. oxystoma midge 2018 Nov Small ruminant farm (8)§
C. puncticollis midge 2019 Jul Small ruminant farm (9)†¶

Malformed lamb
2019 Jul
Small ruminant farm (9)†¶
South Jordan Valley (latitude 31.56) NA NA NA

*NA, not applicable. †Farms on which dams and ewes gave birth to stillborn and malformed neonates. ‡Samples were confirmed positive at Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Greifswald, Germany. §Farms expecting a rate of 80%–85% prolificacy, but during calving season showed only 50%–65% prolificacy. ¶Sheep farm from which both insects and malformed lambs were sampled.

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Page created: June 09, 2021
Page updated: July 18, 2021
Page reviewed: July 18, 2021
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