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Volume 22, Number 2—February 2016

Mediterranean Fin Whales (Balaenoptera physalus) Threatened by Dolphin MorbilliVirus

Sandro MazzariolComments to Author , Cinzia Centelleghe, Giorgia Beffagna, Michele Povinelli, Giuliana Terracciano, Cristiano Cocumelli, Antonio Pintore, Daniele Denurra, Cristina Casalone, Alessandra Pautasso, Cristina Esmeralda Di Francesco, and Giovanni Di Guardo
Author affiliations: University of Padova, Padua, Italy (S. Mazzariol, C. Centelleghe, G. Beffagna, M. Povinelli); Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Lazio e della Toscana, Rome, Italy (G. Terracciano, C. Cocumelli); Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari, Italy (A. Pintore, D. Denurra); Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d’Aosta, Turin, Italy (C. Casalone, A. Pautasso); University of Teramo Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy (C.E. Di Francesco, G. Di Guardo)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic data and examination results for 5 Dolphin morbillivirus–positive fin whales stranded off the Mediterranean Sea, 2011–2013*

Whale no., sex/length, m† Stranding date Closest DMV outbreak Dolphin morbillivirus–positive samples, by test
RT-PCR‡ IHC analysis‡ VN
1, M/17 2011 Oct 25 Dec 2010–Jun 2011 Liver, spleen, lungs ND ND
2, F/10 2011 Nov 3 Dec 2010–Jun 2011 Liver, spleen, lymph nodes, skeletal muscle Negative ND
3, M/10 2011 Nov 20 Dec 2010–Jun 2011 Negative ND Positive
4, F/15 2013 Mar 19 Jan–Apr 2013 Lymph nodes ND Negative
5, F/5 2013 Oct 11 Jan–Apr 2013 Brain, lungs, spleen, thymus Brain, thymus Negative

*IHC, immunohistochemical; ND, not done; RT-PCR, reverse transcription PCR; VN, virus neutralization
†Whales 1 and 4 were juveniles; whales 2 and 3 were calves.
‡Tissues routinely examined for morbillivirus: lung, liver, spleen, kidney, prescapular and pulmonary lymph nodes, brain, thymus (if available), tonsils, and skeletal muscle.

Main Article

Page created: January 15, 2016
Page updated: January 15, 2016
Page reviewed: January 15, 2016
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