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Volume 28, Number 9—September 2022

Detection of Endosymbiont Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii and Tickborne Pathogens in Humans Exposed to Tick Bites, Italy

Giovanni Sgroi1, Roberta Iatta1, Piero Lovreglio, Angela Stufano, Younes Laidoudi, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Marcos Antonio Bezerra-Santos, Vincenzo Veneziano, Francesco Di Gennaro, Annalisa Saracino, Maria Chironna, Claudio Bandi, and Domenico OtrantoComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy (G. Sgroi, R. Iatta, P. Lovreglio, A. Stufano, Y. Laidoudi, J.A. Mendoza-Roldan, M.A. Bezerra-Santos, F. Di Gennaro, A. Saracino, M. Chironna, D. Otranto); University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy (V. Veneziano); Osservatorio Faunistico Venatorio, Naples (V. Veneziano); University of Milan Statale, Milan, Italy (C. Bandi); Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran (D. Otranto)

Main Article

Table 5

Tickborne pathogens and Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii detected in humans exposed to tick bites, Italy, 2021*

Tickborne pathogens No. patients Candidatus M. mitochondrii, no.† % Patients (95% CI)‡ Χ2 p value OR
Coxiella burnetii 7 6 85.7 (48.7–97.4) 8.8 0.003 13.2
Rickettsia raoultii 6 5 83.3 (43.6–97.0) 6.9 0.008 11.0
Borrelia lusitaniae 6 5 83.3 (43.6–97.0) 6.9 0.008 11.0
R. raoultii–B. lusitaniae
Total 20 17 85.0 (63.9–94.7) 26.0 .001 16.1

*NA, not applicable; OR, odds ratio. †Number and percentage of patients positive for tickborne pathogens and Candidatus M. mitochondrii. ‡Exact binomial 95% CI.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: July 27, 2022
Page updated: August 19, 2022
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